Eritrean Flag: Meaning & History 

What is the meaning behind the Eritrean flag? Want to know? Read this article, it will give you all about the flag of Eritrea in detail. Well, Eritrea, officially the State of Eritrea, is a county located in the Horn of Africa region with its capital and largest city at Asmara. We know that you have a curiosity to know why Eritrea is so famous. So, Eritrea is considered one of the famous states because it is home to one of Africa’s oldest port cities called Adulis, which was part of the Aksumite Kingdom from 100 AD to 940 AD. Everything is good in Eritrea but one of the main reasons why many Eritreans flee the country is, there is no freedom of worship. So, let’s get started and learn about the Eritrean flag.  

What Is The Eritrean Flag? 

The Eritrean flag displays three flags of green, red, and blue colors. Out of these three triangles, the red Isosceles triangle is based on the hoist side and its point is on the fly side. While the green triangle’s point touches the base corner of the red triangle and the blue triangle’s point touches the lower base corner of the red triangle. In simple language, the green and blue triangles are separated by the red triangle. The blue and green triangles are right-angle triangles. 

At a little distance from the hoist side, there is a symbol inserted on the red triangle, which is called the golden olive branch encompassed by a gold olive wreath. The gold olive branch is vertically placed inside the red triangle. 

Now, you know the overall design and color of the flag. Let’s know the Eritrean flag meaning in detail. 

What Is The Eritrean Flag Meaning? 

 In the flag of Eritrea, the red triangle represents the bloodshed endured by the forefathers in their fight for freedom. Also, the gold Olive branch is placed vertically inside the red triangle and it has 30 leaves. These leaves stand for the duration of the civil war in Eritrea, during which it fought to become independent. The wreath, olive branch, and red triangle collectively symbolize the nation’s independence. 

While the green triangle in the flag represents the livestock of the nation and the agriculture sector of the country. And the blue triangle in the flag represents the abundance of the sea.  

To know more about the flag of Eritrea. Let’s know the history of this flag. 

The Eritrean Flag History

The currency flag of Eritrea was officially adopted on 5th December 1995. Let’s understand the history of the flag of Eritrea, 

  • The current State of Eritrea was formed by the unification of several kingdoms and sultanates existing in the region. 
  • This was brought about by the colonial rule of Italy in the region but later defeated by the British Army in 1942 in Italian Eritrea. hence the country became a British-administered region and remained under it until 1952. 
  • After the British left, the new flag of Eritrea was adopted on 15th September 1952. 
  • This flag displayed a light blue field with an olive wreath in the center and a six-leafed plant encircling it. 
  • Eritrea is still an autonomous region within Ethiopia. But later the United Nations helped to achieve independence from European rule in Ethiopia and Eritrea. 
  • The ongoing flag was banned from the nation in 1962 when Ethiopia annexed Eritrea. 
  • After 30 years of struggle, Eritrea gained its independence from Ethiopia in 1990 and the national flag design was inspired by the official colors of the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front in short EPLF. 
  • Finally, the independent and new flag was officially adopted on 5th December 1995. 

Neighboring Countries Of Eritrea 

Neighboring countries of Eritrean are 

  1. Ethiopia 
  2. Sudan 
  3. Djibouti 

About Eritrean 

Let’s understand the State of Eritrea in detail with the help of some factors. 

  • Language 

There are a total of nine official languages in the State of Eritrea and they are Tigrinya, Saho, Kunama, Tigre, Bilen, Afar, Beni, Nera, and Amir. 

  • Currency 

The official currency of the State of Eritrea is the Eritrean Nakfa, which is also written as ERN. 1 ERN is equivalent to 0.066667 United States Dollars.   

  • Population 

The total population of the State of Eritrea is 3,684,375 as of 2023. The population density of the country is 35 per km2 or 91 people per mi2. 

  • Area 

The total land area of the state of Eritrea is around 117,600 km2. According to this area, Eritrea is the 22nd smallest country in Africa and ranked 101st in the world. 

  • Food 

The popular food in Eritrea contains Zingi, Injera, pasta, Shiro, Ga’at, Kicha Fitfit, Doro War, Camel Burger, Genfo, and many more to eat. 

  • Weather 

In the state of Eritrea, the climate is mostly arid with about 70% of its land area classified as hot and arid and receiving average annual rainfall of less than 350 mm. The coldest month in the country is December.  

The Map Of Eritrea Flag 

The flag map of Eritrea is. 

You will get to know more about various flags on Flagizzy


What Is The Symbol On Eritrean Flag?

The current flag of Eritrea bears resemblance to the party’s official flag. The flag had three triangles: red, blue, and green. The yellow star in the red triangle symbolized the country’s rich mineral resources, with the five points representing unity, liberation, justice, democracy, and progress.

What Are The Colors Of The Eritrean Flag?

national flag consisting of triangles of green, red, and blue and a yellow emblem off-centre toward the hoist. The flag’s width-to-length ratio is 1 to 2.

What Does The Yellow On The Eritrea Flag Mean?

mineral resources

Eritrea’s national flag has four colors: red, blue, green and yellow. The red represents the blood shed in the struggle for independence. The blue represents the Red Sea and its marine resources. The Green stands for agricultural exuberance of Eritrea. The yellow represents the mineral resources of Eritrea.

What Is The Blue Flag With Three Triangles?

Flag of Saint Lucia 


In the flag of Eritrea, the red triangle, wreath, and olive branch collectively represent the autonomy of the country. The flag is rectangular in shape with a ratio of 1:3. The designs of the flag of Eritrea combine the basic design and hues of the flag of the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front with an insignia made out of a wreath and an upright live branch that was taken from the flag that was used from 1952 to 1962. Now, you can identify the Eritrean flag by seeing its image. 


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