What Is Synergistic Dominance?

Are you curious to know what is synergistic dominance? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about synergistic dominance in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is synergistic dominance?

In the realm of human movement and biomechanics, the human body is a marvel of intricate coordination and collaboration among its various muscle groups. When functioning optimally, these muscles work together in harmony to produce efficient and powerful movements. However, there are instances when certain muscles take over the roles of others, leading to an imbalance known as “Synergistic Dominance.” In this blog, we will explore the concept of Synergistic Dominance, its causes, effects, and how it can be addressed to restore proper movement patterns and prevent potential injuries.

What Is Synergistic Dominance?

Synergistic Dominance is a term used in exercise science and physical therapy to describe a situation in which certain muscles compensate for the weakness or inhibited function of others during a movement. Instead of the ideal balanced muscle activation, some muscles become overactive, while others become underactive, leading to altered movement patterns and potential dysfunction.

Causes Of Synergistic Dominance:

  1. Weak Muscles: When a particular muscle or muscle group is weak or inhibited, other muscles in the vicinity may attempt to take over the workload to compensate for the deficiency.
  2. Poor Motor Control: Inadequate neuromuscular control can result in improper muscle recruitment during movement, leading to some muscles becoming overly dominant.
  3. Postural Imbalances: Poor posture can create altered muscle activation patterns, causing some muscles to work harder than intended to maintain stability and balance.
  4. Injury or Pain: Following an injury or to avoid pain, the body may recruit different muscles to perform tasks, leading to synergistic dominance as a protective mechanism.

Effects Of Synergistic Dominance:

  1. Muscular Imbalance: Synergistic dominance can create imbalances between overactive and underactive muscles, potentially leading to joint instability and reduced performance.
  2. Increased Risk of Injury: As certain muscles overcompensate, they may become overworked and prone to fatigue and injury, while underactive muscles may become more vulnerable to strain or sprain.
  3. Altered Movement Patterns: Synergistic dominance can lead to altered movement mechanics, affecting the body’s ability to perform tasks efficiently and potentially leading to further compensation in other areas.

Addressing Synergistic Dominance:

  1. Corrective Exercise: Engaging in specific corrective exercises that target weak or inhibited muscles can help restore proper muscle activation patterns and reduce synergistic dominance.
  2. Mobility and Flexibility Training: Improving joint mobility and flexibility can aid in restoring balanced muscle activation and movement patterns.
  3. Proper Technique: Ensuring correct movement technique during exercises and activities can help prevent the development of compensatory patterns.
  4. Functional Training: Incorporating functional exercises that mimic real-life movement patterns can help retrain muscles to work synergistically and restore proper biomechanics.


Synergistic Dominance is a phenomenon that occurs when certain muscles attempt to compensate for the weakness or inhibition of others during movement. It can lead to muscular imbalances, altered movement patterns, and an increased risk of injury. Recognizing and addressing synergistic dominance through corrective exercises, mobility training, and proper technique is crucial for restoring balanced muscle activation and maintaining optimal biomechanical function. By promoting harmonious cooperation among muscle groups, we can unlock the body’s full potential for efficient, powerful, and injury-free movement. As with any health-related concern, it is advisable to consult with a qualified healthcare or fitness professional to design an individualized plan that addresses specific synergistic dominance issues.

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What Is An Example Of Synergistic Dominance?

Synergist dominance will also show up when multiple muscles are working together. For example, hip flexion has several muscles that work synergistically. The iliacus, psoas, tensor fasciae latea, rectus femoris, adductor longus, and sartorious are the major contributors to hip flexion.

When A Synergist Helper Muscle Takes Over A Movement Pattern Because The Prime Mover Is Weak Or Inhibited?

Altered movement of joint surfaces. SYNERGISTIC DOMINANCE: When a synergist (helper) muscle takes over a movement pattern when the prime mover fails or is too weak to control the movement.

What Is A Simple Example Of Synergistic Effect?

What are examples of synergism? There are various examples including: (a) Carbon tetrachloride and ethanol (ethyl alcohol) are individually toxic to the liver, but together they produce much more liver injury than the sum of their individual effects on the liver.

What Is An Example Of Synergistic?

Examples are as follows: The synergistic effects of penicillin and aminoglycoside on the cell wall damage of certain gram-positive bacteria. Combined potency of aspirin and caffeine in providing greater pain relief than when taken alone.

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